Medina the first capital in the history of Islam, and the second holiest places for Muslims after Mecca. It is the capital city of Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah located on the historical land of Al-Hijaz, western Saudi Arabia. The south-western side of it is 220 km away.

The area of ​​Madinah is about 589 km² of which 99 km² is occupied by the urban area. The rest of the area is outside the urban area. It consists of mountains, valleys, slopes, desert lands, agricultural lands, cemeteries and parts of the highway network.

Medina was founded more than 1500 years before the Prophet’s migration, and was known before the emergence of Islam as “Yathrib”.

Medina includes three of the oldest mosques in the world, the most important among Muslims, namely: the Prophet’s Mosque, the mosque of Quba, and the mosque of Al Qiblatain . Medina derives its importance to Muslims from the migration of the Prophet Muhammad and his residence for the rest of his life.

The city has a population of about 1,152,991 people, and the city has a lot of monuments, most notably the Prophet’s Mosque, which is the second holiest mosque for Muslims after the Grand Mosque in Mecca, in addition to the cemetery Baqi, which is the main cemetery for the people of the city, where many of Sahabah buried, the Quba Mosque is the first mosque built in Islam, the Qiblatain Mosque, Mount Uhud, and many valleys, wells, streets, lanes and old alleys.

Medina attractions

Prophet’s Mosque

One of only two mosques in the world that can accommodate a million people, the Prophet’s Mosque holds deep significance for Muslims all over the world. It was built by the Prophet himself in AD 622…


Masjid Miqat

The mosque of the biggest miqat (pilgrim station) in Saudi Arabia.


Masjid Al Qiblatain

The Arabic word qibla means ‘direction’ of prayer, this mosque is one of the oldest mosque in Islam.


Ottoman Hejaz Railway Station

This beautiful station was part of the extensive Hejaz Railway that brought pilgrims to Medina from as far away as Damascus in Syria. Built on the orders of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II.


Dar Al Madinah Museum

An excellent guided tour in English takes visitors through this private museum’s interesting collection, which includes models showing the development of the Prophet’s Mosque.


Quba Mosque

This was once the village of Quba, where the Prophet Muhammad and his companions, migrating from Mecca to Medina, stopped in AD 622.


Uhud Martyrs Cemetery

This is an important site in Islam’s prophetic narrative. Around 85 martyred soldiers from the Battle of Uhud here in graves surrounded by a tall fence.


Holy Quran Exhibition

The highlight of this exhibition, which explains the context and historicity of Islam’s holiest book, is a collection of nine original Qurans, the oldest of which is a copy dating from around 1563.