Al-Wa’bah crater is located in the Saudi Arabian desert, 254 kilometers from the city of Taif, on the western border of the basaltic surface called (Hafr Khashab), where there are many cone-shaped volcanic peaks.
This crater is the largest of its kind in the entire Middle East, with a circumference of about 2 km, with cliffs and edges 250 meters deep, which lead down to a flat base.This base has a thick crust of bright and shiny sodium phosphate crystals.
In the past, it was thought that Al-Wa’bah crater was formed as a result of a meteorite impacting the region, as its appearance is very similar to the meteorite Barings created by the meteorite, with its circular shape and high sides.
Now geologists have proved that Al-Wa’bah crater was formed as a result of volcanic activity that took the form of an underground steam explosion caused by the magma’s magma contact with groundwater.
The eruption caused by this explosion, which took place in the ground, lifted a lot of land and threw it into the air, leaving behind Al-Wa’bah crater we see today.
With its enormous dimensions, this crater is a landmark in the landmarks and topography of the region and the world.On one side, there is a volcanic ash and a volcanic peak, all that remains of the volcano that caused it.
It takes the average person between 45 – 60 minutes to reach the bottom of the nozzle (Al Waabah) in Saudi Arabia
This crater is located in an area that used to be volcanic in the past, and the surrounding sandy plain is actually a shrine of volcanic ash.
On the northwest, there is a small hill with a perpendicular surface on the edge of Al-Wa’bah crater , which was an ancient volcano split in half when it was formed, but on the north side of Al-Wa’bah crater there are some palm trees and green grass.
While the giant nozzles are interesting, the nozzle holds a shimmering surface at the bottom.
In addition to the bright white phosphate, the waaba is also famous for its green vegetation that grows around its ring, while the desert around its surroundings is barren and barren, and is also home to some palm trees and small shrubs.
In recent years, the tourism sector in Saudi Arabia has poured its attention into Al-Wa’bah crater , where roads and markets have been established at the site to make it easier for tourists to visit, making the site, which is growing in popularity, a more wonderful place for camping, which will continue until Another massive explosion is changing the appearance of the region again.
Some oasis remains of palm trees are found halfway to the side of Al-Wa’bah crater , but have been abandoned and taken care of.
There are also springs near the oases, and on the north side of Al-Wa’bah crater there is a road ready for independence from all who wish to descend to the base, despite the terrain surrounding the rugged region, which is filled with steep cliffs non-climb.
From the average person it takes between 45 – 60 minutes to reach the bottom of the nozzle.
By April 2017, the Kingdom had introduced several upgrades to the park in the vicinity of Al-Wa’bah crater , where a rock wall was built over a third of its perimeter from northwest to southwest, and a mosque was built at the end of the road leading to it. Very few tourists, even on weekends.